Harare, previously Salisbury, is the main city of Zimbabwe, found in the northeastern section of the country. The metropolis was established during 1890 at the location where the British South Africa Company?s Pioneer Column stopped its protest into Mashonaland; it was named for Lord Salisbury, who was the British prime minister back then. During your holidays in Harare you?ll learn that It?s Zimbabwe?s profit-oriented and trade hub, also it?s the common starting place for many tours. It?s an unpolluted and classy metropolis, distinguished by blossoming trees, vibrant parks and modern constructions. Native sights also comprise of several museums, art galleries and craft shops. Because of its lovely weather, Harare is recognized as the ?Sunshine City?. The title Harare is taken from that of the outcast Chief Neharawe, who, with his tribe, settled into the kopje (the mountain at the bottom of which the commercial region matured) at the time the Pioneer Column came and took over the land. The metropolis was made into a municipality during 1897 and evolved after the arrival of the railway (1899) from the port of Beira, Mozambique, turning into a market and mining hub. It was rented as a metropolis during 1935. Industrialization throughout and following World War II led to a flood of population. Salisbury was the capital of the settlement of Southern Rhodesia, of the short-lived Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953?63), and of Rhodesia in the time of the one-sided announcement of independence (1965?79). It was taken as the capital by the new government of independent Zimbabwe (1980) and retitled Harare.